Adderall is a prescription stimulant drug taken medically to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is also widely abused for its stimulant, euphoric and aphrodisiac qualities. Adderall addiction occurs in two main ways, with some people slowly becoming dependent on the drug after a long time of medical use and others developing an addiction due to extensive recreational abuse.
Adderall addiction is associated with tolerance and an emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome, with psychotherapy measures normally applied during the treatment process. If you or anyone you know is living with Adderall addiction, call the treatment professionals at Drug Rehab Metuchen at (732) 226-8910 for help and information.
Adderall is a psychostimulant drug of the phenethylamine class, with this drug made from a combination of two amphetamine stereoisomers salts together with a number of inactive ingredients. Adderall addiction produces a range of adverse physical and psychological effects, some of which are a direct result of increased norepinephrine and dopamine levels in the brain.
While this medication is widely thought to be safe and effective for ADHD treatment, large doses are known to impair cognitive function and induce rapid muscle breakdown and extensive use is known to cause addiction. It is classified as a Schedule II substance due to the potential for abuse and dependence.
People living with ADHD often face challenges regarding focus and behavior, with Adderall and other medications prescribed to decrease abnormalities in brain structure and improve function in the right caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia. While amphetamines are known to cause problems when taken on a long-term basis, exposure to this and other substances is known to improve brain function in people with ADHD.
This medication has been found to increase neurotransmitter activity in the locus coeruleus and prefrontal cortex, with the stimulant nature of this drug also helping people with narcolepsy. It is available in immediate release tablets or extended-release capsules, with the tablet form of this drug sometimes made available on the black market as an alternative to methamphetamine.
Long-term exposure to this and other amphetamines can easily lead to dependence, with psychological addiction possible from extended medical misuse or recreational abuse. Tolerance develops quickly, with the continued intake of this drug possibly cause a range of side effects. Adverse physical effects of use include hypertension, hyotension, increased heart rate, erectile dysfunction, nausea, dry mouth, teeth grinding, loss of appetite, weight loss, and tics.
Common psychological side effects of Adderall use include depression, insomnia, alertness, concentration, mood swings, repetitive and obsessive behaviors, irritability, and anxiety. There are also a range of adverse effects associated with withdrawal, with medication and behavioral therapies both needed to help break the bonds of addiction.
Adderall is associated with an emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome, with psychotherapy measures mostly used during rehabilitation. While supplemental magnesium and fluoxetine treatments have been shown to reduce amphetamine self-administration in some cases, there are no effective medication treatments for amphetamine addiction at this stage.
Drug rehabilitation is mostly focused on contingency management and behavioral therapies, with cognitive behavioral therapy administered along with counseling and relapse prevention measures. Physical exercise has also proved effective during Adderall treatment, with aerobic exercise decreasing the self-administration of Adderall and improving recovery programs outcomes.
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