Drug treatment programs depend on a number of individual components working together in unison. Detox typically marks the start of drug treatment, especially for physically addictive substances. This is followed by rehab, with various recovery programs initiated during this stage to address the precedents of abuse and addiction.
The availability of recovery programs depends on many factors, including the drug in question, extent of addiction, and operational philosophy of each treatment center. Recovery programs are based on either pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy principles, with physically addictive drugs more likely to require medication treatment.
To learn more about the recovery programs and services offered at Drug Rehab Centers Metuchen, call (732) 226-8910.
Pharmacotherapy, also known as medication therapy, involves the use of pharmaceutical drugs to support addiction recovery. This form of treatment is often used for physical drug addictions, including heroin, prescription opioids, alcohol, and benzodiazepines such as Valium and Xanax.
Opioid replacement therapy is one example of pharmacotherapy treatment, with medications also widely used to treat alcohol dependence and benzodiazepine addiction. Benzos are sometimes prescribed on a long-term basis for both alcoholism and benzo dependence, with a gradual dose reduction administered to avoid complications from abrupt withdrawal.
Four drugs have been approved to treat alcohol dependence in the United States: two forms of naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram. Naltrexone is taken to reduce alcohol cravings, acamprosate is taken to reduce withdrawal symptoms, and disulfiram is taken as a preventative measure by producing an extremely unpleasant reaction when alcohol is consumed. While medication therapy is not normally used for drugs that produce psychological dependence, short-term medication can be useful in certain cases.
Client-centered approaches are useful in treating a range of substance use disorders, with psychologist Carl Rogers proposing three necessary and sufficient conditions for personal change in his influential book ‘Client-Centered Therapy’: unconditional positive regard, accurate empathy, and genuineness.
This approach uses gentle and empathic communication, with therapists attempting to engage clients on a deep level without external referencing. During this therapy, the therapist does not tell the client what to do, with all answers coming from the client themselves as they reflect on the thoughts and feelings that surround their unhealthy behavior.
Family therapy is widely used in the context of drug treatment, both during residential drug treatment and on an aftercare basis. Clients with stable family relationships are much less likely to relapse following formal treatment, with therapists working with clients to analyze deep-seated family issues.
Family therapy is a branch of psychotherapy that borrows from a range of counseling techniques, including systematic therapy, strategic therapy, structural therapy, narrative therapy, and transgenerational therapy. Family therapy has proven effective in treating bipolar disorder, anorexia, schizophrenia and alcohol dependency, and is widely used to treat substance abuse and dependence problems.
Relapse prevention is an important aspect of drug treatment in which clients are given the psychological skills and practical support they need to avoid compulsive behavior. Relapse prevention is mostly based on behavioral and cognitive principles, with some programs also using ideas of contingency management.
Prevention techniques are taught during residential and out-patient programs, with dedicated relapse prevention programs also available as addiction aftercare. Relapse is a common outcome of drug abuse and addiction, with dedicated measures needed to promote abstinence and support long-term recovery. If you need to access recovery programs for a drug problem, make sure to contact a specialized facility as soon as you can.
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